PENGETAHUAN IBU DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA BERKONTRIBUSI TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PEMBERIAN ASI ESKLUSIF

Authors

  • IKA PERMANASARI STIKes Al-Insyirah Pekanbaru
  • JENI ERLANI
  • ROHMI FADLI
  • YULI PERMATA SARI
  • ARY OKTORA SRI RAHAYU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35328/keperawatan.v10i2.2085

Keywords:

Pengetahua, dukunga keluarga, asi eksklusif.

Abstract

Optimal growth and development of children can be achieved by exclusive breastfeeding for newborns up to the age of six months. Parental knowledge and family support play an important role in the success of exclusive breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to know associated Parental knowledge and family support with exclusive breastfeeding in Pangkalan Village, Pucuk Rantau District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. This type of research was quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted from September 2020 to February 2021. The population in this study were all mothers who had babies aged 7-12 months with a total sample of 40 people who were taken by purposive sampling. The results of this study found that the knowledge in the good category was 20 people (50.0%), the majority of family support in the good was 22 people (55.0%), and 62.5% getting exclusive breastfeeding. There is a relationship between knowledge (p-value 0.001), and family support (p-value 0.005) with exclusive breastfeeding in Pangkalan Village, Pucuk Rantau District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. It is recommended that health officers at Pangkalan Puskesmas improve and create conditions that support mothers to breastfeed exclusively by engaging in persuasive communication.

References

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Persentase bayi usia kurang dari 6 bulan yang mendapatkan asi eksklusif menurut provinsi (Persen). https://www.bps.go.id/indikator/indikator/view_data/0000/data/1340/sdgs_2/1
Behzadifar, M., Saki, M., Behzadifar, M., Mardani, M., Yari, F., Ebrahimzadeh, F., Majidi Mehr, H., Abdi Bastami, S., & Bragazzi, N. L. (2019). Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding practice in the first six months of life and its determinants in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pediatrics, 19(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1776-0
Budiharja. (2011). Banyak sekali manfaat asi bagi bayi dan ibu. Seminar Peningkatan Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) Eksklusif Bagi Bayi Dalam Mendukung MDGs. https://www.kemkes.go.id/article/print/1450/banyak-sekali-manfaat-asi-bagi-bayi-dan-ibu--.html
Chowdhury, R., Sinha, B., Sankar, M. J., Taneja, S., Bhandari, N., Rollins, N., Bahl, R., & Martines, J. (2015). Breastfeeding and maternal health outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 104, 96–113. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13102
Diana, R., & Adi, A. C. (2019). Mother’s Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(3), 887–892. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00614.4
Dukuzumuremyi, J. P. C., Acheampong, K., Abesig, J., & Luo, J. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in East Africa: A systematic review. International Breastfeeding Journal, 15(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-020-00313-9
Haryono, R., & Setianingsih, S. (2014). Manfaat asi eksklusif untuk buah hati anda. Yogyakarta: Gosyen Publishing.
Hunegnaw, M. T., Gezie, L. D., & Teferra, A. S. (2017). Exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in Gozamin district, northwest Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study. International Breastfeeding Journal, 12(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-017-0121-1
Joshi, P. C., Angdembe, M. R., Das, S. K., Ahmed, S., Faruque, A. S. G., & Ahmed, T. (2014). Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. International Breastfeeding Journal, 9(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4358-9-7
Juliarti, W., & Merlin, A. (2017). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian asi ekslusif pada ibu yang melaksanakan imd di BPM Khairani Asnita Tahun 2015. Photon: Jurnal Sain Dan Kesehatan, 7(02), 99–107. https://doi.org/10.37859/jp.v7i02.513
KPPPA, & Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Profil Anak Indonesia Tahun 2019. Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak (KPPPA). https://www.kemenpppa.go.id/lib/uploads/list/15242-profil-anak-indonesia_-2019.pdf
Lindawati, R. (2019). Hubungan Pengetahuan, Pendidikan dan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif. Faletehan Health Journal, 6(1), 30–36. https://doi.org/10.33746/fhj.v6i1.25
Maryunani, A. (2013). Inisiasi menyusu dini, asi eksklusif dan manajemen laktasi. Jakarta: CV Trans Info Media.
Masruroh, N., & Istianah, N. Z. (2019). Family Support for Increasing Exclusive Breastfeeding. Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 4(1), 59–62. https://doi.org/10.30604/jika.v4i1.194
Mogre, V., Dery, M., & Gaa, P. K. (2016). Knowledge, attitudes and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding practice among Ghanaian rural lactating mothers. International Breastfeeding Journal, 11(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-016-0071-z
Ningsih, N. A., Sakung, J., & Moonti, S. (2020). Relationship between Mother’s Knowledge and Family Support with Giving Exclusive Breastfeeding for Children 6-24 Months in the Ogomatanang Village, Lampasio District, Toli-Toli Regency. International Journal of Health, Economics, and Social Sciences, 2(1), 149–157. http://jurnal.unismuhpalu.ac.id/index.php/IJHESS/article/view/1264
Prasetyono. (2016). Buku pintar ASI eksklusif. Diva Press.
Putri, P. (2012). Gambaran faktor –faktor yang mempengaruhi pemberian asi eksklusif di kelurahan kunciran indah tangerang. Skripsi, Univeristas Indonesia.
Ratnasari, D., Paramashanti, B. A., Hadi, H., Yugistyowati, A., Astiti, D., & Nurhayati, E. (2017). Family support and exclusive breastfeeding among Yogyakarta mothers in employment. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 26(May), S31–S35. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.062017.s8
Roesli, U. (2014). Mengenal asi ekslusif. Jakarta: Trubos Agriwidya.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2011). The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding. DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General.
UNICEF Indonesia. (2020). Pekan Menyusui Dunia: UNICEF dan WHO menyerukan Pemerintah dan Pemangku Kepentingan agar mendukung semua ibu menyusui di Indonesia selama COVID-19. https://www.who.int/indonesia/news/detail/03-08-2020-pekan-menyusui-dunia-unicef-dan-who-menyerukan-pemerintah-dan-pemangku-kepentingan-agar-mendukung-semua-ibu-menyusui-di-indonesia-selama-covid-19
United Nations Children’s Fund. (2018). BREASTFEEDING A Mother ’ s Gift , for Every Child. New York: UNICEF.
Wahyuni, S., Armini, N. K., & Sriwijayanti, N. (2020). Family experience in supporting exclusive breastfeeding in Surabaya. Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature, and Local Culture Studies. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.20-9-2019.2297060
Wijayanti, K., Indrayana, T., & Kuswanto. (2016). Mother’s Knowledge and Level of Family Support toward Exclusive Breast Feeding Practice. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 29(1), 57–63.
Wu, W., Zhang, J., Silva Zolezzi, I., Fries, L. R., & Zhao, A. (2021). Factors influencing breastfeeding practices in China: A meta-aggregation of qualitative studies. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 17(4), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13251
Yohmi, E., Marzuki, N. S., Nainggolan, E., Partiwi, I. G. A. N., Syarif, B. H., & Oswari, H. (2014). Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia: A qualitative and quantitative study. Paediatrica Indonesiana, 55(6), 302–308. https://doi.org/10.14238/pi55.6.2015.302-8

Downloads

Published

2022-01-27

How to Cite

PERMANASARI, I., ERLANI, J., FADLI, R., SARI, Y. P., & SRI RAHAYU, A. O. (2022). PENGETAHUAN IBU DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA BERKONTRIBUSI TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN PEMBERIAN ASI ESKLUSIF. Al-Asalmiya Nursing: Journal of Nursing Sciences, 10(2), 78–87. https://doi.org/10.35328/keperawatan.v10i2.2085