EFEKTIFITAS SUPPORTIVE GROUP THERAPY (SGT) TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN IBU PRIMIGRAVIDA TRIMESTER III DI PUSKESMAS KOTA PALEMBANG
Primigravidas who are pregnant for the first time tend to experience anxiety during their pregnancy, especially in the third trimester. Worries in pregnant women if not handled properly will have an impact on the physical and psychological condition, both on the mother and the fetus. In the guidelines for the implementation of antenatal care (ANC) pregnancy examinations by the Ministry of Health in the third trimester, one of which is the presence of a talk session or counseling. The implementation is not yet optimal, so that additional counseling is required in groups and on an ongoing basis. One of them is Supportive Group Therapy (SGT). The purpose of this therapy is to reduce the level of anxiety in primigravida TM III pregnant women. Data analysis used Quasy Experiment with nonequivalent control group design. The research sample was taken by purposive sampling. The sample size of 26 primigravida pregnant women on third trimester was divided into 2 groups, the intervention group and the control group. The results showed that the p-value on the intervention group was <0.005, namely the provision of standard pregnancy examinations plus SGT was effective in reducing anxiety levels primigravida pregnant women on third trimester. SGT is highly recommended to be carried out continuously and sustainably.
Esfandiari, M., Faramarzi, M., Nasiri-amiri, F., Parsian, H., Chehrazi, M., Pasha, H., … Gholinia, H. (2020). Patient Education and Counseling Effect of supportive counseling on pregnancy-speci fi c stress , general stress , and prenatal health behaviors : A multicenter randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling, 103(11), 2297–2304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2020.04.024
Incer, B. D. (2020). Breathing therapy and emotional freedom techniques on public speaking anxiety in Turkish nursing students : A randomized controlled study. B. DINCER et Al, 000, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2020.11.006
Irmak, P., & Aslan, E. (2019). Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice Emotional freedom techniques and breathing awareness to reduce childbirth fear : A randomized controlled study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 35(February), 224–231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.02.011
Kleiman, K., & Wenzel, A. (2017). Principles of Supportive Psychotherapy for Perinatal Distress. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, (May), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2017.03.003
Kusuma, R., Armina, & Dahlan, A. (2020). Pemanfaatan Kelas Ibu sebagai Media Edukasi di Puskemas Putri Ayu Kota Jambi. Logista, Jurnal Ilmu Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 373–378.
Mudra, S., Göbel, A., Barkmann, C., Goletzke, J., Hecher, K., Schulte-markwort, M., … Arck, P. (2020). The longitudinal course of pregnancy-related anxiety in parous and nulliparous women and its association with symptoms of social and generalized anxiety. Journal of Affective Disorders, 260(June 2019), 111–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.033
Prabandari, Y. S., Hakimi, M., & Marchira, C. R. (2018). Emotional Freedom Techniques for Reducing Anxiety and Cortisol Level in Pregnant Adolescent Primiparous. Unnes Journal Public Health, 7(1), 345–349.
Prof, A., Ertekin, S., Prof, A., & Demirel, G. (2020). Authors : * This research was supported by the Sivas Cumhuriyet University Scientific Research Project Corresponding Author : Sukran Ertekin Pinar. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 101255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2020.101255
Rinata, E., & Andayani, G. A. (2018). Karakteristik Ibu (Usia, Paritas, Pendidikan), dan Dukungan Keluarga. MEDISAINS: Jurnal Imliah Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan, 16(1), 14–20.
Sucipto, C. D. (2019). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan (pp. 189–191). Yogyakarta: Gosyen.
Suyani. (2020). Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Status Pekerjaan dengan Kecemasan pada Ibu Hamil. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Stikes Cendekia Utaman Kudus, 8(No.1), 19–28.
Wiramihardja, A. S. (2015). Pengantar Psikologi Klinis (7th ed.). Bandung: Refika Aditama.
Yasin, Z., Sumarni, S., Mardiana, N. D., & Kecemasan, T. (2019). Hubungan Ibu dan Usia Kehamilan dengan Kecemasan Ibu Hamil dalam Menghadapi Persalinan Di Polindes Masaran Kecamatan Bluto. Prosiding 1st Seminar Nasional Dan Call for Paper Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, 55–61.