NUTRITION STATUS AND HANGRIP STRENGHT AMONG ELDERLY, COMMUNITY SETTINGS IN THE PEKANBARU INDONESIA

  • Sumandar Sumandar
  • Christian Jay S. Orte
Keywords: Elderly, handgrip Strenght, Nutrition status

Abstract

Hand grip strength has been widely used as a lead measure in geriatric conditions such as frailty. This condition tends to be experienced by the elderly due to nutritional factors. The aim of this study was to determine nutrition status toward hang grip strength. This study was observasional analytic by cross sectional approach. Data were collected on nutritional status and handgrip strength. 120 elderly were selected by cluster sampling. All Data were presented with describing proportions of categorical variables. The correlation of  nutritional status toward   handgrip strength were used by chi-square.  This study  showed that low handgrip strength was 43,3 %, at risk of malnutrition was 27,5%. There is a relationship between nutritional status and handgrip strength ( p=0.011; OR= 0,634; 95%CI 0,421-0,952).The factor associated with hand grip strength was nutritional status.

References

Bleda, M. J., Bolibar, I., Pares, R., & Salva, A. (2002). Reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in institutionalised elderly. J Nutr Health Aging, 6, 134–136.
Cha, E. S., Kim, K. H., & Erlen, J. A. (2007). Translation of scales in cross-cultural research: Issues and techniques. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 58(4), 386–395. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04242.x
Confortin, S. C., Ono, L. M., Meneghini, V., Pastorio, A., Barbosa, A. R., & D’Orsi, E. (2018). Factors associated with handgrip strength in older adults residents in Florianópolis, Brazil: EpiFloripa Aging Study. Revista de Nutricao, 31(4), 385–395. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652018000400004
FERRARI BRAVO, M., Gallo, F., Marchello, C., Boicelli, R., Lupi, S., Atzei, M., … Gabutti, G. (2018). Assessment of malnutrition in community-dwelling elderly people: Cooperation among general practitioners and public health. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 47(5), 633–640.
Hai, S., Cao, L., Wang, H., Zhou, J., Liu, P., Yang, Y., … Dong, B. (2017). Association between sarcopenia and nutritional status and physical activity among community-dwelling Chinese adults aged 60 years and older. Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 17(11), 1959–1966. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13001
He, W., Goodkind, D., & Kowal, P. (2016). An Aging World : 2015 International Population Reports. An Aging Word: 2015, (March), 95. https://doi.org/P95/09-1
Isautier, ennifer M. J., Bosnić, M., Yeung, S. S. Y., Trappenburg, M. C., Meskers, C. G. M., Whittaker, A. C., & Maier, A. B. (2019). Validity of Nutritional Screening Tools for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JAMDA The Journal of Post Acute and Long Term Medicine, 20(10), 1351.E13-1351.E25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2019.06.024
Kim, T. N., & Choi, K. M. (2013). Sarcopenia : Definition , Epidemiology , and Pathophysiology. J Bone Metab, (20), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.11005/jbm.2013.20.1.1
Ong, H. L., Abdin, E., Chua, B. Y., Zhang, Y., Seow, E., Vaingankar, J. A., … Subramaniam, M. (2017). Hand-grip strength among older adults in Singapore: A comparison with international norms and associative factors. BMC Geriatrics, 17(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-017-0565-6
Pescatello, L. S., & DiPietro, L. (2020). Physical Activity in Older Adults. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199315060-00001
Ribeiro Santos, V., Dias Correa, B., De Souza Pereira, C. G., & Alberto Gobbo, L. (2020). Physical Activity Decreases the Risk of Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity in Older Adults with the Incidence of Clinical Factors: 24-Month Prospective Study. Experimental Aging Research, 46(2), 166–177. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2020.1716156
Rondanelli, M., Faliva, M., Monteferrario, F., Peroni, G., Repaci, E., Allieri, F., & Perna, S. (2015). Novel insights on nutrient management of sarcopenia in elderly. BioMed Research International, 2015, 524948. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/524948
Ryan, T. P. (2013). Sample Size Determinitation and Power. Canada: Jhon Wiley & Sons.
Sánchez-Sánchez, J. L., Mañas, A., García-García, F. J., Ara, I., Carnicero, J. A., Walter, S., & Rodríguez-Mañas, L. (2019). Sedentary behaviour, physical activity, and sarcopenia among older adults in the TSHA: isotemporal substitution model. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 10(1), 188–198. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcsm.12369
Sekarsari, S., Vitriana, V., & Defi, I. R. (2018). Correlation between Handgrip Strength, Mobilization Function, Physical Activity Level, and Muscle Mass in Community-Dwelling Elderly in Bandung, West Java Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, 6(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1047
Setia, F. A. and S. (2018). Hand Grip Strength and nutritional status in hospitalized oncological patients. Revista de Nutricao, 31(5), 489–499. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652018000500006
United Nations, 2015. (2015). World Population Ageing 2015. Word Population Ageing 2015, 21(Suppl 1), A79.2-A80. https://doi.org/10.1136/ejhpharm-2013-000436.195
Vitriana, Irma Ruslia Defi, gaga Irwan Nugraha, B. S. (2016). Prevalensi Sarkopenia pada Lansia di Komunitas (Community Dwelling) berdasarkan Dua Nilai Cut-off Parameter Diagnosis Vitriana,1. MKM, 48(3), 164–170. https://doi.org//10.15395/mkb.v48n3.417
Widajanti, N., Ichwani, J., Dharmanta, R. S., Firdausi, H., Haryono, Y., Yulianti, E., … Husna, K. (2020). Sarcopenia and Frailty Profile in the Elderly Community of Surabaya: A Descriptive Study. Acta Medica Indonesiana, 52(1), 5–13.
Zunic, B., & Peter, S. (2018). Sarcopenia and Malnutrition in the Elderly Chapter. Intech Open Science, (2016), 267–322.
Published
20-04-2021