SLEEP QUALITY INDEX COMPARISON BETWEEN URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION IN NORTH SUMATERA
Keywords:Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Sleep Quality, Urban and Rural Population
An estimated 150 million people worldwide and at least 17% of the population of developing countries experience sleep problems. The purpose of this study was to see an overview of sleep quality in urban and rural areas, Pantai Labu District. This study is a quantitative study with a retrospective cohort design. The population of this research is people aged> 18 years who live in Pantai Labu District, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra Province. The comparison of exposure (rural) and non-exposure (urban) samples in this study was 1: 1 by taking a minimum sample of 91 people for each group, so that the total sample was 182 people. The instrument used was the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire. The proportion of poor sleep quality is high in rural areas. The results of statistical tests found a significant difference in sleep quality between rural and urban population areas (P. value 0.01; alpha 5%). Rural residents are 1.5 times more likely to have poor sleep quality (RR 95% CI 1.14 - 1.98) than urban residents. A significant difference in sleep quality index scores is found in the disturbance indicator at the sleep stage where the villagers have an average score of 12 (moderate disturbance), compared to urban residents who have an average score of 9 (mild disturbance). Based on the topographical area, the proportion of people with poor sleep quality is quite high in rural areas which is probably due to several things, including community activities at night. Suggestions in the form of providing education to the public are important to do so that people care more about their sleep patterns by health center officers or other health workers. The community also needs to change behaviors that risk causing poor sleep quality
Asghari, A., Farhadi, M., Kamrava, S. K., Ghalehbaghi, B., & Nojomi, M. (2012). Subjective Sleep Quality in Urban Population. Arch Iran Med , 95-98.
Augner, C. (2011). Associations of Subjective Sleep Quality with Depression Score, Anxiety, Physical Symptoms and Onset Latency in Students. Cent Eur J Public Health , 115-117.
Berhanu, H., Mossie, A., Tadesse, S., & Geleta, D. (2018). Prevalence and Associated Factors of Sleep Quality among Adults in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Sleep Disorders , 1-10.
Calhoun, D. A., & Harding, S. M. (2010). Sleep and Hypertension. Chest , II (138), 434-443.
D.Sedov, I., E.Cameron, E., SheriMadigan, & M.Tomfohr-Madsen, L. (2018). Sleep Quality During Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews , 30, 168-176.
Dina Mariani, R. A. (2019). The Relationship Between Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life of Patients in Medan, Indonesia. ID Design Press , 1-4.
Firdaus, H. (2018). Hubungan antara Perilaku Merokok dengan Kecenderungan Insomnia pada Pekerja. Skripsi , 1-110.
Ghadami, M. R., & Hu, W. (2018). Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypertension: Systolic Versus Diastolic Blood Pressure. Obesity , 26 (8), 1249-1250.
Hayes, J. F., Balantekin, K. N., Altman, M., Wilfley, D. E., Taylor, C. B., & Williams, J. (2018). Sleep Patterns and Quality Are Associated with Severity of Obesity and Weight-Related Behaviors in Adolescents with Overweight and Obesity. Childhood Obesity (1).
Madrid-Valero, J. J., Martínez-Selva, J. M., Couto, B. R., Sánchez-Romera, J. F., & Ordoñana, J. R. (2017). Age and Gender Effects on The Prevalence of Poor Sleep Quality in The Adult Population. Gaceta Sanitaria , 1 (31).
Mondal, H., Mondal, S., & Chayan, B. (2018). Comparison of Perceived Sleep Quality Among Urban and Rural Adult Population by Bengali Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Advances in Human Biology , 8 (1), 36-40.
Munthe, I. P., Utami, R. Y., & Fujiati, I. I. (2017). Hubungan Kualitas Tidur Dengan Memori Jangka Pendek Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara. Ibnu Sina Biomedika , 1 (2).
Ni Luh Putu Wulan Budyawati, D. K. (2019). Proporsi dan Karakteristik Kualitas Tidur Buruk pada Guru-Guru Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri di Denpasar. E-Journal Medika , 1-7.
Ni Luh Putu Wulan Budyawati, D. K. (2019). Proporsi dan Karakteristik Kualitas Tidur Buruk pada Guru-Guru Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri di Denpasar. E-Jurnal Medika , 1-7.
Nuryanti, E. A. (2016). Determinant Analysis of Sleep Quality in Woman Shift Workers at PT. Sandratex Year 2016. Undergraduate Thesis .
Yanhui Liao, L. X. (2019). Sleep Quality in Cigarette Smokers and Nonsmokers: Findings from the General Population in Central China. BMC Public Health , 19 (808), 1-9.