ANALYSIS OF COVID TRANMISSION TO NURSES IN THE HOSPITAL
Keywords:Covid-19, Hospital, Nurses, Transmission
COVID-19 is still an outbreak that has not been resolved throughout the world. Nurses as one of the health workers who work at the forefront of health services are at risk of being exposed to COVID-19. Until now, the number of nurses who died as a result of exposure to COVID-19 has increased. This study aims to analyze the modes of transmission of COVID-19 in nurses. This type of research is quantitative research with analytic descriptive design. The number of respondents in the study was 31 nurses, which were obtained by using total sampling technique. The results of this study indicate that the transmission of COVID-19 to nurses occurs due to a history of contact with COVID-19 patients (80,6%), eating habits with colleagues (67,7%), treating patients with confirmed COVID-19 in a non-isolation room (67,7%), history of contact with hospital staff confirmed COVID-19 (51,6%), and visiting crowded places such as traditional markets (45,2%)
Çelebi, G., Pişkin, N., Çelik Bekleviç, A., Altunay, Y., Salcı Keleş, A., Tüz, M. A., Altınsoy, B., & Hacıseyitoğlu, D. 2020. Specific Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Transmission among Health Care Workers in a University Hospital. American Journal of Infection Control, 48(10), 1225–1230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.07.039
Chang, Le., Yan, Y., Wang, L. 2020. Coronavirus Disease 2019: coronaviruses and blood safety. Transfusion Medicine Reviews.
Chou, R., Dana, T., Buckley, D. I., Selph, S., Fu, R., & Totten, A. M. 2020. Epidemiology of and Risk Factors for Coronavirus Infection in Health Care Workers: A Living Rapid Review. Annals of internal medicine, 173(2), 120–136. https://doi.org/10.7326/M20-1632
Fawaz, M., Anshasi, H., & Samaha, A. 2020. Nurses at the Front Line of COVID-19: Roles, Responsibilities, Risks, and Rights. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 103(4), 1341–1342. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.20-0650.
Guan et al. 2020. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. The New England Journal of Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmrv.2020.02.003
International Council of Nurses. 2020. Protecting Nurses from COVID-19 a Top Priority: A Survey of ICN’s National Nursing Association.
Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2020. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Li, Y-k., Peng, S., Li, L-q., Wang, Q., Ping, W., Zhang, N., & Fu, X-n. 2020. Clinical transmission characteristic of Covid-19 – A restrospective atudy of 25 cases from a single thoracic surgery department. Current Medical Science, 40 (2). https://doi.oorg/10.1007/s11596-020-2176-2
Persi. 2020. Pneumonia COVID-19: Diagnosis & Penatalaksanaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia.
Shen, Y., Li, C., Dong, H., Wang, Z., Martinez, L., Sun, Z., & Wang, F. 2020. Airborne transmission of COVID-19: Epidemiologic Evidence from Two Outbreak Investigations.
Shereen, M.A., Khan, S., Kazmi, A., Bashir, N. & Siddique, R. 2020. COVID -19 Infection: Origin, Transmission, and Characteristics of Human Coronaviruses. Journal of Advanced Research, vol. 24, pp. 91–8
Tellier, R., Li, Y., Cowling, B. J., & Tang, J. W. 2019. Recognition of aerosol transmission of infectious agents: a commentary. BMC Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3707-y
Wang, W., Xu, Y., Gao, R., Lu, R., Han, K., Wu, G., Tan, W., 2020. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in different types of clinical specimens. J. Am. Med. Assoc. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.3786
World Health Organization. 2020. Modes of transmission of virus causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations. Retrieved from https://www.who.int